Child Care Benefit
Helps with costs for approved and registered care such as long, family or occasional day care, outside school hour care, vacation care, pre-school and kindergarten.
- use approved or registered child care
- be responsible for paying the child care fees
- immunise your child
Eligibility & payment rates
To be eligible, you need to:
- use approved or registered child care
- be responsible for paying the child care fees for your child
- ensure your child is immunised, on an immunisation catch up schedule, or is exempt from the immunisation requirements, and
- meet the residence requirements
To receive more than a zero rate of Child Care Benefit you must meet the income test.
Other factors can affect your Child Care Benefit, including:
- your child starting school
- changes to income
- entering a salary sacrifice arrangement with your employer in which some or all of your child care fees are paid for you
- one of your children stops using care
- you or your partner no longer meeting the Work, Training, Study test, and
- your work, training or study related commitments
Approved child care services have Australian Government approval to pass on Child Care Benefit as a reduction in child care fees.
This means you pay less money out of your own pocket. Approved child care can include:
- long day care
- family day care
- outside school hours care
- vacation care
- in home care, and
- occasional care
It doesn't include care provided for schooling once your child begins the recognised primary level of school for each state. Ask your child care service if they are approved for Child Care Benefit or check on the mychild website.
If you use approved child care, you can receive Child Care Benefit:
- up to 24 hours per child per week, available to all eligible families, or
- up to 50 hours per child per week if:
- you or your partner are a grandparent with primary care of a grandchild
- you and your partner are working, looking for work, training, or studying for at least 15 hours per week or 30 hours per fortnight, or
- you and your partner meet an exception from that requirement
More than 50 hours per week is available to families in certain circumstances who need extra assistance.
How to find an approved child care service
The mychild website provides information to help you choose a child care service that meets your needs. This site also provides information about Child Care Benefit approved child care services all over Australia.
When you enrol your child in a Child Care Benefit approved child care service, you'll need to provide them with information to identify your family.
Registered child care is provided by individuals who are registered as carers with us. It can include care provided by grandparents, relatives, friends, neighbours or nannies.
In some cases, it can also include care provided by individuals in private preschools, kindergartens and some outside school hour services, including before and after school care, vacation care and holiday programs.
It doesn't include care provided for schooling once your child begins the recognised primary level of school for each state.
Child Care Benefit for registered care is paid at a standard hourly rate for up to 50 hours per child per week if:
- you and your partner are working, looking for work, training, or studying at some time in the week that care is provided, or
- you and your partner meet an exception to that requirement
These rates are adjusted on 1 July each year in line with the Consumer Price Index. This means that the rates are different each financial year.
The payment is either paid to the child care service that cares for your child or paid to you directly.
The following payment rates for 2016-17 are a guide only.
The current approved care rate for a non-school aged child is $4.24 per child per hour, or $212.00 per week.
Payment rates for school aged children are 85% of the non-school aged rate.
Depending on your circumstances, you may be entitled to a different rate. For example, your family's income, the number of children attending child care, the type of child care service and the number of hours you use can all affect your payment.
You can get up to 24 hours of care per child per week without participating in any Work, Training or Study test activities. If you meet the test, or an exception from it, you can get up to 50 hours of care per child per week.
You may be able to get a higher rate of payment if you're a grandparent with primary care of a grandchild or if your family has special circumstances. Grandparent Child Care Benefit and Special Child Care Benefit have additional eligibility requirements.
You can use the rate estimator to calculate how much Child Care Benefit you may be entitled to.
The current registered care rate for a non-school aged child in up to 50 hours of care per week is $0.708 per child per hour, or $35.40 per child per week.
Payment rates for school aged children are 85% of the non-school aged rate.
You are paid Child Care Benefit for registered child care directly if you submit a claim and provide your child care receipts to us.
You can choose how your Child Care Benefit is paid.
Child Care Benefit isn't paid for care provided for schooling once your child starts the recognised primary school level of schooling for each state.
Recognised primary school levels for each state and territory
|State/territory||Recognised primary level||Not recognised as primary level|
|Australian Capital Territory||Kindergarten||Years 1–6||Preschool|
|New South Wales||Kindergarten||Years 1–6||Preschool|
|Northern Territory||Transition||Years 1–6||Preschool|
|South Australia||Reception||Years 1–7||Kindergarten|
|Western Australia||Pre-primary||Years 1–6||Kindergarten|
Depending on the type of care your child is in, you might need to meet an income test.
To receive Child Care Benefit for approved care, you need to be eligible and meet an income test. You don't have to meet an assets test. Even though you may not receive any benefit due to your income, you may still be eligible for Child Care Rebate.
The amount of benefit you get for approved care depends on your annual family income. If you receive the benefit as reduced fees through the year, we'll work out your fee reduction based on your annual family income estimate.
You need to tell us about any changes to your income throughout the year. This will minimise the risk of an overpayment when we balance your family assistance payments at the end of the year. You can update your family income estimate using your Centrelink online account through myGov.
The maximum rate is payable for families with an actual annual family income of less than $44,457. The maximum rate is also payable for families receiving income support.
You won't be entitled to any Child Care Benefit for approved care if your family income is more than the following thresholds:
|Number of children attending approved child care||Income limits before your payment reduces to $0|
|3 or more||$181,024 plus $34,237 for each child after the third|
To have your eligibility for Child Care Rebate assessed, you need to submit a claim for Child Care Benefit for approved care.
To qualify for Child Care Benefit for registered care, you don't have to meet an income or assets test.
Becoming a registered carer allows eligible families to claim Child Care Benefit for the child care you provide.
Your adjusted taxable income will be used to assess your eligibility for some payments, supplements, support and benefits.
Family Tax Benefit (FTB) Part A supplement and Child Care Benefit can only be paid for children who have met immunisation requirements.
- have Australian citizenship
- hold a permanent visa
- hold a special category visa, or
- hold a certain temporary visa type, for example, a Partner Provisional or Temporary Protection visa
Alternatively, you may meet residence requirements for Child Care Benefit if:
- you or your partner are a student from overseas, sponsored by the Australian Government to undertake a course of study in Australia, or
- you are suffering temporary hardship or special circumstances exist
You must meet the residence requirements on the day you submit your claim.
You or your partner must continue meeting the above residence requirements for as long as you get this payment.
If you're a grandparent with primary care of your grandchild, and your grandchild is attending approved child care, you may be able to get extra help with child care fees.
Grandparent Child Care Benefit covers the full cost of approved care for up to 50 hours per child per week. It's paid directly to your child care service.
You may be able to get this benefit if you or your partner:
- is the biological, adoptive or step grandparent of the child
- has primary care of a grandchild - this means you're the person who is most responsible for meeting the child’s daily care needs, and
- receives one of the following income support payments:
Great grandparents and current and former partners of grandparents who have primary care of a grandchild may also be eligible.
To get this benefit, you must first claim and be eligible for Child Care Benefit.
If you or your partner is a grandparent with primary care of a grandchild and not receiving one of the above income support payments, the full cost of the approved child care fees isn't covered. However, your family will meet an exception to the requirements of the Work, Training, Study test. This means you can receive up to 50 hours of Child Care Benefit per child per week, and be automatically assessed as eligible for Child Care Rebate. The income test will continue to apply to your rate of Child Care Benefit.
If you need help, we have Grandparent Advisers who provide support to grandparents with full time caring responsibility for their grandchildren.
To get Special Child Care Benefit, you must first claim and be eligible for Child Care Benefit.
Special Child Care Benefit can help cover the cost of child care, up to and including the total fee charged by your child care service, for:
- children who are at risk of serious abuse or neglect, where that risk would be reduced if they attended child care for longer hours but the cost of care makes this difficult, or
- families experiencing hardship by helping them maintain access to child care while they adapt to new circumstances; for example, serious short-term illness, hospitalisation or short-term carer responsibilities
Your child care service can approve Special Child Care Benefit for up to 13 weeks in any financial year. If you want to receive Special Child Care Benefit longer than this, we need to assess your application. Speak to your child care service for more information.
The number of hours for which you can receive Child Care Benefit depends on whether you and your partner meet the Work, Training, Study test.
Your benefit may still be paid if you're charged for child care when your child is absent.
These absence rules also apply to Child Care Rebate and Jobs, Education and Training (JET) Child Care Fee Assistance.
Child Care Benefit is paid for each child for up to 42 absences per financial year. This includes absences from all approved child care services your child attends except for occasional care. These absence days can be taken for any reason and no evidence is required.
If your child is absent for any days for which you normally wouldn’t have been paid Child Care Benefit or Child Care Rebate:
- you won’t be eligible for any child care payments for those days, and
- the days won’t be included in your child’s absence count for the year
For example, if your child care service requires you to give 2 weeks’ notice that your child will no longer attend their service, and your child attends the first week of the notice period and not the second week, you may still be charged fees for the second week but won’t be eligible for child care payments.
A public holiday is counted as an absence if the child normally attends the child care service on that week day, and fees are charged for that day for the child.
You can also be paid for additional absences beyond the 42 days for certain reasons. There is no limit on these days, but supporting documentation may be required. Talk to your child care service about additional absence information and any supporting document requirements.
You won't be paid Child Care Benefit, Child Care Rebate and JET Child Care Fee Assistance for absences if your child uses more than 42 absence days for the financial year and doesn't meet the conditions for additional absences.
For occasional care, there's no limit on the number of absences if the child care has been paid for.
There is no absence limit for registered care, providing eligibility requirements continue to be met for any period of absence, and the care has been paid for.
Child Care Rebate helps parents and guardians who meet the rebate’s Work, Training, Study test. It reduces out of pocket expenses for approved child care.
When you submit a claim for Child Care Benefit for approved care, we'll automatically assess you for Child Care Rebate.
Read more about Child Care Rebate.
Once you've read about eligibility the next steps are:
- choose the type of child care for which you are claiming
- choose your claiming option
- provide supporting documents
- submit your claim for each child
We will assess your claim and let you know the outcome.
Managing your payment
Do your Centrelink, Medicare and Child Support business using self service options, including our Express Plus mobile apps, online accounts and phone self service.
You need to tell us if your circumstances change when you're receiving Child Care Benefit.
The online estimators let you estimate or compare payments, based on your current or proposed circumstances.
Payment choices help reduce your risk of being overpaid Child Care Benefit for approved care.
At the start of each financial year, we ask you to estimate your family income so we can work out how much Family Tax Benefit or Child Care Benefit to pay you.
At the start of each financial year, we ask you to estimate your family income so that we can work out how much Child Care Benefit for approved care to pay you.
There are rules about how long your child care payments can be paid while you or your dependent children travel outside Australia.
If you want someone else to handle your Centrelink, Child Support or Medicare business, you can authorise them to deal with us on your behalf.
There is support available to help you manage your money if you have overdrawn your bank, building society or credit union account.
The estimator lets you work out child care payments you may get, based on your individual circumstances. You can work out a dollar amount for Child Care Benefit for approved care, Child Care Rebate entitlements and out of pocket child care costs. The estimator can help you make informed decisions about child care.
Use the Rate Estimator
Visit the Department of Education and Training website for information on child care compliance.
The mychild.gov.au website is Australia's online child care portal.
Read more about different types of child care and how to get assistance on the Australian Government's mychild website.
This is a national system for the regulation and quality assessment of child care and early learning services.
Read more about the National Quality Framework for Early Childhood Education and Care on the Australian Children’s Education and Care Quality Authority website.
A regulatory authority in each state and territory regulates and assesses children’s education and care services.
Read more about State and Territory Regulatory Authorities on the Australian Children’s Education and Care Quality Authority website.
Select the options that describe your circumstances, then explore a list of possible Centrelink and Medicare payments and services online.
Select your state and topics of interest to find links to government and community organisation support.