On the day you claim Age Pension you must be an Australian resident and be in Australia.
How long you need to have been a resident
To get Age Pension you need to have been an Australian resident for at least 10 years in total. For at least 5 of these years, there must be no break in your residence.
What may be different
Some people can get Age Pension if they have been an Australian resident for less than 10 years.
If you are a refugee or former refugee you are exempt from the 10 year rule.
If you are a woman whose partner died while you were both Australian residents, you need to be an Australian resident for 2 years right before you claim.
If you don’t meet these rules but you’ve lived or worked in a country that has a social security agreement with Australia, the agreement may help you to claim.