Residence rules

On the day you claim Age Pension generally you must be an Australian resident and in Australia.

How long you need to have been a resident

To get Age Pension you generally need to have been an Australian resident for at least 10 years in total. For at least 5 of these years, there must be no break in your residence.

We may need more information to establish your Australian residence history. If we do, we’ll ask you to complete the Residence in Australia and other countries form.

When you don’t meet the rules

Some people can get Age Pension if they've been an Australian resident for less than 10 years.

Refugee or former refugee

If you’re a refugee or former refugee you are exempt from the 10 year rule.

On another payment

When you reach Age Pension age you can apply to transfer to Age Pension. You can do this without meeting the residence rules if you’re getting 1 of the following:

Woman whose partner died

You both had to be Australian residents when your partner died. You also need to be an Australian resident for the 2 years before you claim.

Lived or worked overseas

If you’ve lived or worked in an agreement country you may be able to get Age Pension.

Page last updated: 20 August 2019