Listen On the day you claim Parenting Payment you must be an Australian resident, and in Australia. Newly arrived residents generally have to wait 2 or 4 years before getting this payment, with some exemptions. You must continue to meet the residence rules for as long as you get this payment. In this section Newly arrived resident's waiting period If you've recently arrived as a resident in Australia, you may have to wait to get payments or concession cards. Residence descriptions You usually need to be an Australian resident to get a payment from us. This page explains how we define an Australian resident.